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How Does COVID-19 Spread & How You Can Help Slow the Spread of COVID-19

December 4, 2020

When a virus is new and spreads easily between people, such as the COVID-19 or the novel coronavirus does, the number of cases can quickly rise.


On average, a person infected with coronavirus might infect just a few people, but there are documented cases of one person infecting dozens of others.


Some individuals, for one or multiple reasons, may be more contagious than others.


Knowing how the coronavirus spreads from one person to another will help give people a better understanding of how to protect themselves, and the people around them. 


As well, how they can directly help slow the spread of COVID-19 within their community, with a few simple steps.

 

How Disease Spreads


First, a pathogen (virus or bacteria) needs to be contagious, meaning it can spread from person to person.


One person contracts the illness and then goes on to infect two others. Those two people then infect four more, and so on, depending on just how contagious an illness is.


In the case of COVID-19, the number of people infected with the virus can double or even triple in a matter of days.

 

Effects Of Close Contact

Viruses, such as the virus that causes COVID-19 (coronaviridae), spread more easily because they are new. 


When the population has little to no immunity, people are more susceptible to the disease.


When you start with a contagious virus that is already easy to spread, certain circumstances can make it even easier to spread from person to person.

Coronavirus is mostly spread through droplets that contain the virus. Droplets are expelled each time a person talks, coughs or sneezes.


If you are standing close to someone infected with COVID-19, you risk coming into contact with those droplets. 


This remains the primary reason for wearing masks in public places and social distancing, which are necessary precautions to take when leaving your home during this pandemic.


As cases of COVID-19 in NorthAmerica grow exponentially, we need to work together to slow the spread by making an effort to keep a physical distance between each other. 


Wearing a mask while social distancing is proven to be one of the most effective ways to reduce the spread of illness during an outbreak. 





This image, created by the Signer Lab at the University of California San Diego, illustrates the power of social distancing.

This image, created by the Signer Lab at the University of California San Diego, illustrates the power of social distancing.


You Can Help Slow The Spread of COVID-19 In Your Community...Here Is How.

 

  • Wear a mask in public.
  • Wear gloves in public.
  • Wear a face shield when needed.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly and often.
  • Use sanitizer when soap and water are unavailable.
  • Keep your home and office space stocked with proper PPE.
  • Practice social distancing and stay home whenever possible.
  • Maintain six feet of physical distance between yourself and others.
  • Work remotely if possible.
  • Do not touch your face (mouth, eyes, nose) if you have not washed your hands.
  • Help with contact tracing — keep an account of where you’ve been and who you have been around in case you get sick.
  • Learn the symptoms of COVID-19. Stay home if you are sick.


Do your part to protect the health of your community and help life return to normal as quickly and safely as possible. Together, we can keep ourselves and each other safe.


*This article is not meant to be taken as medical advice. Please follow the advice of your local health authorities when making decisions about your own health and the people around you.
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